Noni oil

Traditional NONI Oil is obtained in TAHITI (French Polynesia) by first cold pressing of the seeds of  the NONI or NONO fruit (Morinda Citrifolia), dried in the sun for one month. 

60 kg of seeds are required to obtain 1 liter of oil.

In Polynesia, the shrub can be found on most of the islands and « motu » (the coral islets surrounding volcanic islands) The pulp of the fruit contains flat seeds, brown in color, to which a bag of air is attached that enables them to float on water and to spread from island to island.

In times past, Noni was much in use in Polynesian traditional medicine (Society Islands, Marquesas, Hawaii, Fiji...) with many indications for skin infections amongst which bruises and cuts by coral, burns and Nohu stings (rockfish) as well as insect stings (centipedes)...

Nowadays, the properties of NONI are recognized scientifically in the U.S.A., especially its strong content of proxeronine, the precursor of xeronine, a vital alcaloid with many important virtues.

physico-chemical analysis :

Water content  (Karl Fischer)  0,15 g/100g 
Impurity content (insoluble in hexane) 0,17 g/100g
Peroxide value 10,9 méqO2/kg
Oleic acidity 8,85 %(m/m)
Content in unsaponifiable matter 1,13 g/100g 

Fatty acid composition :

NONI oil is a linoleic oil also presenting a balance between saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated acids:

  • Saturated fatty acids : 16%               
  • Monounsaturated fatty acids :  16%
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids : 68%

Presence of acid: arachidic, caprylic, lauric,  linoleic (66%), linolenic, margaric, myristic, oleic (16%), palmitic (10%), stearic (4%)…

Bibliographie:

  1. Pétard P., Plantes Utiles en Polynésie Raau Tahiti ,Ed. 1986
  2. Grépin F., Grépin M., La Médecine Traditionnelle Tahitienne
  3. Bombarde B., Aspects de la médecine traditionnelle polynésienne.Etude du Morinda citrifolia (L.) Rubiaceés. Thése Doctorat Pharmacie, NANCY, 1986
  4. Younos C, Rolland A., Fleurentin J., Lanhers M-C., Misslin R and Mortier F., “Analgesic and Behavioural Effects of Morinda Citrifolia”, Planta Med,Vol.56,1990
  5. Hiruzami A., Furusawa E., Chou S.C., and Hokama Y., “Anti-cancer Activity of Morinda citrifolia (Noni)...”Proc.West Pharmacol.Soc.Vol.37,1994
  6. Heinicke R., “Cell Regeneration: Unlocking the Secrets of tahitian Noni”,audio tape, Morinda Inc.,1996
  7. Stéphane MAZETTE - Etude ITERG-07/2003 & 02/2004
Heiva Cosmétiques de Tahiti
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E-mail: tahitiansoap@mail.pf 
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Ph. MAUNIER Pharmacien-Chimiste, Dr., Lauréat de l'Académie de Pharmacie.
 
 
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